Make your own free website on Tripod.com
 Back to main menu
Adarsh Sarvaria
Director of Training(WO)
Directorate General of Emploment & Training
Ministry of labour
Government of India
Tel 91 11 3715008
Fax 91 11 3711007
email  ada@india.com

 
 



Directorate General of Emploment & Training
Ministry of labour
Government of India


 




 VOCATIONAL TRAINING IN INDIA
 
 

         The Govt. of India Directorate General of Employment & Training (DGET) under Ministry of Labour is responsible for Development of Vocational Training Programmes at the national level. The responsibilities of the Directorate in this regard are as follows:
 

                                     Evolving common policies                                  Training of personnel
                                     Evaluation of the programmes
PROGRAMME

          A number of Training Schemes are being operated under the Directorate
          General of Employment and Training to ensure a regular supply of
          skilled  man power at different levels.
 
 

          These schemes are :
 
 

                    Craftsman Training Scheme

                    Apprenticeship Training Scheme

                    Craft Instructors Training Scheme

                    Training of Skilled Workers and Supervisors

                    Training of Women

                    Staff Training and Research

                    Development of Instructional Materials

                    Hi-Tech Training Scheme
 
 

          The Craftsman Training Scheme is mainly implemented by the respective
          state government and Union Territories through a network of Industrial
          Training Institutes/Centres.
 
 

          The Apprenticeship Training Scheme and the training of skilled workers
          under the Advanced Vocational Training Scheme are implemented
          jointly by Union Territories/State Governments and the   Central
         Government.
 
 

          For implementing the above mentioned programmes, the Central
          Government has set up specialised institutions which are directly under
          the control of DGE&T.
 
 

          The Central Government is also responsible for laying down the policies,
          training standards, trade testing and certification. For this purpose, the
          Central Government is assisted by two Advisory bodies at the National
          level  viz.,
 
 

          The National Council for Vocational Training [NCVT]

          The Central Apprenticeship Council [CAC]
 
 

          The Central Apprenticeship Council is a statutory body set up under the
          Apprenticeship Act, 1961, and deals with the implementation of the
          Apprenticeship Training Programme. The Union Minister for Labour
          is the Chairman of both these Councils.
 
 

       1.Craftsmen Training Scheme
 
 

                    A network of 4100 Industrial Training Institutes/Centres spread all
                    over the country with a total seating capacity of about .65
                    million  craftsmen  have been trained in various Engineering
                    and Non-Engineering trades. This activity is continuing.
 
 

                    Besides,The four Model Industrial Training Institutes [MITIs] at
                    Haldwani. U.P.], Calicut [Kerala], Jodhpur [Rajasthan] and
                    Choudwar [Orissa] set up by the Government of India to organise
                    Craftsmen Training Programme on modular basis .
 
 

       .Apprenticeship Training Programme

                    The implementation of the Apprenticeship Training Scheme is
                    covered under the Apprentices Act, 1961 as amended from time
                    to time. The Objectives  of the scheme broadly are:-

        *    To regulate  the programme of apprenticec in the industry so as to
               conform to the prescribed syllabi,period of training etc as laid down
               by the Central Apprenticeship Council; and
        *    To utilize fully the facilities available in industry for imparting
               practical training with a view to meeting the requirements of skilled
               manpower for industry.

                       139 trades in 254 specified industries have been designated  so
                       far.Total of .24 million seats have been located for trade
                       apprentices.This includes training seats for apprentices
                       belonging  to  SC,ST, Minority Communities, Physically
                       Handicapped and Women.
 
 

                    The State Apprenticeship Advisors under the State
                    Governments/Union Territories and the six Regional Directorate
                    of Apprenticeship training at Mumbai, Calcutta, Kanpur, Madras,
                    Hyderabad and Faridabad are implementing the provisions of the
                    Apprentices Act relating to the training of trade apprentices in the
                    State /Central Sector.
 
 

                    The four Boards of Apprenticeship Training under the Department
                    of Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development
                    implement the provision of the above Act relating to training of
                    graduate, technician and technician [vocational] apprentices
                    concerning both Central/State Sectors.
 
 
 
 

         Craft Instructor Training
 
 

                    The Advanced Training Institutes [ATIs] at Calcutta, Bombay,
                    Ludhiana, Hyderabad and Kanpur and the Central Training
                    Institute for Instructors, Madras continue to conduct regular
                    instructor training courses. The modular training courses are also
                    being conducted at ATI, Hyderabad and CTI, Madras.
 
 
 
 

          Advanced Vocational Training Scheme(AVTS)

          (Training of highly skilled craftsmen)
 
 

                    The Advanced Training Institute [ATI] at Madras which functions
                    as the lead Institute under the Advanced Vocational Training
                    Scheme [AVTS] and other five ATIs at Calcutta, Ludhiana,
                    Hyderabad, Bombay and Kanpur are conducting advanced
                    courses for technicians/workers from industry to meet the specific
                    training requirements of establishments both in public and private
                    sectors.
 
 

                    The two Advanced Training Institutes for Electronics and Process
                    Instrumentation [ATI-EPIs] set up at Hyderabad and Dehrhadun
                    offer long and short term courses in the fields of Electronics and
                    Process Instrumentation.
 
 

         Foremen Training Programme
 
 

                    The Foremen Training Institutes at Bangalore and Jamshedpur
                    continue to meet the training requirements of industry at lower and
                    middle level management through their specially designed
                    courses for supervisors/foremen in various technical and
                    managerial areas.
 
 
 
 
 
 

           Training Programme for Women
 

To provide wide range of equitable opportunities for skill training to women so as to bring them into the main stream of the nationís economic activities, a need was felt to enhance the participation of women in the Nationís economy.
The Womenís Cell at DGE&T, contributes in  planning, designing, executing and pursuing long-term policies for vocational training of women in areas having high employability; thereby increasing womenís participation in economic & social development of the country.
 

 Training facilities, exclusively for women, have been sanctioned/set up at

 NATIONAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING INSTITUTE FOR WOMEN, NOIDA; the apex Institute  (1977)
 REGIONAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING INSTITUTES FOR WOMEN at
1.  MUMBAI, MAHARASHTRA  (1977);
2.  BANGALORE, KARNATAKA (1977);
3.  TRIVANDRUM, KERALA  (1983);
4.  HISSAR, HARYANA   (1985-86);
5.  CALCUTTA, WEST BENGAL (1986);
6.  TURA , MEGHALAYA  (1986);
7.  INDORE, MADHYA PRADESH  (1991);
8.  ALLAHABAD, UTTAR PRADESH  (1991);
9.  VADODARA, GUJRAT  (1993);
10. JAIPUR, RAJASTHAN  (1994).

 The NVTI/RVTIs  organise NCVT approved skill  training programmes  at  basic and advance levels in selected  trades having  high  employability.  Some of the  Institutes  offer post-advanced   training  in  Instructional   (P.O.T.) and Entrepreneurial (Business Services) skills .  Besides  the regular training courses,  some  Institutes organise short-term courses depending on the available infrastructure and also the needs  of the local  industries  in  the vicinity.   Some Institutes also organise refresher  courses for the Instructors of Industrial Training Institutes.
 

 Electronics, Instrument Mechanic, Data Preparation & Computer Software, Architectural Draughtsmanship/ Assistantship
 Desk Top Publishing, Dress Making, Secretarial Practices, Fruit & Vegetable Preservation, Hair & Skin care,
Embroidery & Needle Craft, Instructor (General) Course : Principal of Teaching, Business Services

Each of the Institute is  being provided with `Placement Cellí, which will primarily focus its activities at  placement services of the passed out trainees, and strengthen to the industry - institute linkages.

Staff Training/Research, Development of Teaching Materials

                    The Central Staff Training and Research Institute[CSTARI] at
                    Calcutta is engaged in research, development and staff training.

                    The Central Instructional Media Institute [CIMI] has been
                    established in 1986 at Madras in collaboration with the German
                    Government for development of instructional media packages and
                    question banks for different trades.

   #WORLD BANK ASSISTED VOCATIONAL TRAINING PROJECT [VTP]

     The main objective of this project is to modernise and update the National
     Vocational Training System in the country for ensuring a steady flow of
     adequately trained manpower for the changing and emerging skill needs of
     the industry. This will be achieved by bringing about all round qualitative
     and quantitative improvements in various national training system to cope
     with highly advanced technologies [e.g., electronics, computers,
     communications, NC/CNC Machine tools, Robotics,
     Computer Integrated Manufacture, FMS, Advanced welding technology,
      etc.   being introduced in India at an accelerating pace. This would expand
      and diversify programmes in the advanced skill  and Hi-Tech areas and
      increase the area of training in non-traditional sectors for the development
      of skills of men and women

     DGE&T have taken up a comprehensive programme for improving the
     quality of training in the ITIs and expanding the training for women
     candidates and industrial workers with financial assistance from the World
     Bank for a Vocational Training Project. There are also schemes to increase
     the number of women ITIs and to start non-traditional trades which are
     more relevant for their employment potential in existing and new ITIs.
     Considerable progress has been made in the implementation of the above
     schemes

     Apart from implementing the schemes successfully in several states and in
     its own DGET Institutions,  Govt. of India under DGE&T is also
     establishing a new Apex Hi-Tech Institute at Bangalore for
     imparting Training under Hitech areas .

Trainers Training

The trainers' training programmes in CTIs and CSTARI are being evaluated periodically to evolve a more comprehensive and integrated programme catering to the demands on quality and quantity of technical and vocational teachers needed in the economic liberalisation scenario.