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H.A.Keshava Murthy
Jt.Director of Training


Organization:   Apex Hi-Tech Institute,DGE&T,Ministry of Labour,FTI Campus,Bangalore-560022 India.


E-mail Adress:  keshav<apexhti@vsnl.com>   and  hakmurthy@hotmail.com


Tel.No.  91-80-3378335/3379178   91-80-3489266/3481060 (R)  Fax: 91-80-3374248

VOCATIONAL TRAINING IN INDIA
DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING
Ministry of Labour, Government of India,NEW DELHI.

Strategies-Policies-Programmes

    1. Evolving common policies
    2. Laying down common standards and procedures
    3. Training of personnel
    4.  Evaluation of the programmes
The day-to-day administration of the Industrial Training Institutes and of the Employment Exchanges, is the responsibility ofDirectorate of Employment & Training of the respective State Governments / Union Territories.

The Directorate General of Employment &Training [DGE&T] is an attached office of the Ministry of Labour, Government of India. It is headed by the Directorate-General of Employment and Training and ex-officio Joint Secretary of the Government of India, under the Secretary, Ministry of Labour. The DGE&T consists of the Directorate of Employment, Directorate of Training, and Secretariat Wing.
 

 VOCATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAMME

A number of Training Schemes are being operated under the Directorate General of Employment and Training to ensure a regular supply of skilled man power at different levels.

These schemes are :

The Craftsman Training Scheme is mainly implemented by the respective state government and UTs through a network of Industrial Training Institutes/Centres.

The Apprenticeship Training Scheme and the training of skilled workers under the Advanced Vocational Training Scheme are implemented jointly by Union Territories/State Governments and the Central Government.

For implementing the above mentioned programmes, the Central Government has set up specialised institutions which are directly under the control of DGE&T.

The Central Government is also responsible for laying down the policies, training standards, trade testing and certification. For this purpose, the Central Government is assisted by two Advisory bodies at the National level viz.,

The Central Apprenticeship Council is a statutory body set up under the Apprenticeship Act, 1961, and deals with the implementation of the Apprenticeship Training Programme. The Union Minister for Labour is the Chairman of both these Councils.

Craftsman Training Scheme

A network of 4100 Industrial Training Institutes/Centres spread all over the country with a total seating capacity of about 0.6.million craftsmen [as on 31.07.98] have been trained in the various Engineering and Non-Engineering trades. This activity is continuing.

The four Model Industrial Training Institutes [MITIs] at Haldwani [U.P.], Calicut [Kerala], Jodhpur [Rajasthan] and Choudwar [Orissa] set up by the Government of India to organise Craftsmen Training Programme on modular basis are continuing the activities of imparting training.
 

    1. Apprenticeship Training Programme
The implementation of the Apprenticeship Training Scheme under the Apprentices Act, 1961 as amended from time to time. Against 224626 seats located for trade apprentices under the Act, 16159 apprentices have undergone training by the end of September, 1998. Against 48603 seats located for Graduate and Technician Apprentices, 357105 have undergone training by the end of September 1998 in 6151 establishments. This includes apprentices belonging to SC,ST, Minority Communities, Physically Handicapped and Women.

The State Apprenticeship Advisors under the State Governments/Union Territories and the six Regional Directorate of Apprenticeship training at Mumbai, Calcutta, Kanpur, Madras, Hyderabad and Faridabad are implementing the provisions of the Apprentices Act relating to the training of trade apprentices in the State /Central Sector.

The four Boards of Apprenticeship Training under the Department of Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development implement the provision of the above Act relating to training of graduate, technician and technician [vocational] apprentices concerning both Central/State Sectors.
 

 Craft Instructor Training
  The Advanced Training Institutes [ATIs] at Calcutta, Bombay, Ludhiana, Hyderabad and Kanpur and the Central Training Institute for Instructors, Madras continue to conduct regular instructor training courses. The modular training courses are also being conducted at ATI, Hyderabad and CTI, Madras.  Advanced Vocational Training Scheme(AVTS)
(Training of highly skilled craftsmen)
  The Advanced Training Institute [ATI] at Madras which functions as the lead Institute under the Advanced Vocational Training Scheme [AVTS] and other five ATIs at Calcutta, Ludhiana, Hyderabad, Bombay and Kanpur are conducting advanced courses for technicians/workers from industry to meet the specific training requirements of establishments both in public and private sectors.

The two Advanced Training Institutes for Electronics and Process Instrumentation [ATI-EPIs] set up at Hyderabad and Dehrhadun offer long and short term courses in the fields of Electronics and Process Instrumentation.
 

 Foremen Training Programme
  The Foremen Training Institutes at Bangalore and Jamshedpur continue to meet the training requirements of industry at lower and middle level management through their specially designed courses for supervisors/foremen in various technical and managerial areas.

Foremen Training Institute Bangalore is conducting many tailor-made courses in the areas of Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Supervisory Development as per the needs of Public sector/Private sector industries and other government organisations.
 

 Training Programme for Women
  Under this programme,
 Staff Training/Research, Development of Teaching Materials The Central Staff Training and Research Institute[CSTARI] at Calcutta is engaged in research, development and staff training.

The Central Instructional Media Institute [CIMI] has been established in 1986 at Madras in collaboration with the German Government for development of instructional media packages and question banks for different trades.

  1. WORLD BANK ASSISTED VOCATIONAL TRAINING PROJECT [VTP]


Teacher Training

The teacher training programmes in CTIs and CSTARI are being evaluated periodically to evolve a more comprehensive and integrated programme catering to the demands on quality and quantity of technical and vocational teachers needed in the economic liberalisation scenario.
 

  • Switching over to competency-based vocational training requires a tremendous effort in training a large number of instructors in competency-based vocational training. The teacher training programme should be competency-based and  should take the cognisance of the modern educational communication and use it for introducing open and distance learning. This is necessary if we have to provide vocational training opportunities to the large number of students coming out of secondary and higher secondary education throughout the country. DGE&T is making efforts in this direction to reach the target groups through distance learning by the facilities already available in the country for such open and distance learning.